The Aadhaar card has arose perhaps the world’s biggest biometric identification programmes with the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) delivering nearly 82 crore cards.
Aadhaar card serves as a very important ID proof for every citizen residing in India. It includes generation of a unique 12 digit unique number based on the verification of each individual with the help of a biometric method that includes a retina scan and scanning of individuals’ thumb impressions.
Seeding Aadhar with bank accounts and voter Id helps a resident to take advantage of various schemes introduced by the government in the favor of a common man.
Also the Supreme Court has decided to make the Aadhaar card voluntary to gain the benefits of the scheme but not mandatory. Also one can link the card to voter Id or ration card in order to claim the benefits of the launched schemes.
As per the sources the data tells that the FBI biometric database is lagging behind with 15 crore and with more Indians predictable to roll for Aadhaar, it could arise as the biggest programme of its type globally.
Uttar Pradesh (UP) had the maximum number of registrations with 10.48 crore cards. On the other hand Maharashtra had 9.19 crore while West Bengal has approx. 6.12 crore registrations up to April 20.
Data presented that the UIDAI has distributed 81.78 crore cards, wrapping nearly 67% of the population.
The UID card programme was on the edge of being abandoned once the NDA government was brushed to power in May previous year, has been followed strongly by the Modi government as it pressed to tackle uncooperative subsidies and roll out its enormous Jan Dhan financial inclusion initiative.
The government stick at with Aadhaar after the previous chairman of UIDAI Nandan Nilekani listed the welfares of the Aadhaar card to PM Narendra Modi.
The government, by means of it, is widely targeting the cooking gas subsidisation’s in the petroleum sector.
Petroleum minister Dharmendra Pradhan told TOI that it is a very technical and useful medium. Though, it has not made mandatory for the Aadhaar card for appealing subsidies, the overall experience has been optimistic.
The government is inclined seriously on the JAM Number Trinity that is Jan Dhan Yojana, Aadhaar and Mobile — to better goal subsidies.
As per an Economic Survey, Aadhaar card registrations were growing at a rate of 2 crore per month. The government had connected over 10 crore bank accounts with registered Aadhaar figures by the month of December (2014).
With the overview of Jan Dhan Yojana, the number of bank accounts is expected to rise further and contributing greater chances to target and allocating financial resources to the deprived, says the survey.
“The great change that took place in the present situation is the Direct Benefit Transfer. Technology is responsible for easier transfer of money. Two other key changes have befallen in the past few years which make it promising for our nation to use knowledge to manage expenses. One is the obtainability of Aadhaar figures, and mobile phones. These are numerous benefits to reduce managerial expenditure in the provision of facilities to the individuals. Now, the thing we have to inspect is where the funding is going? It has to be aimed in a manner that the chief part of subsidies is accessible to those who earn it,” Bimal Jalan, Expenditure Reforms Commission chairman, told in a talk.
“Aadhaar plays important and valuable role but to make it a game changer, it needs to be linked to Jan Dhan accounts” Ashok Gulati, Infosys chair professor.